Third Polish Cinema

(Trzecie Kino Polskie)
   The term "Third Polish Cinema" was coined by some Polish critics in the mid-1960s to stress another generational change occurring in Polish cinema. For them, "the third generation" consisted of filmmakers raised, sometimes even born, in postwar Poland, whose political initiation was not the war and its aftermath, but rather the events of the Polish October (1956) and the Władysław Gomułka years of "small stabilization" (1960s). After the "first generation"—the postwar generation represented by, among others, Wanda Jakubowska and Aleksander Ford—and the Polish School (second) generation, the late 1960s marked the emergence of filmmakers for whom philosophical reflections on culture rather than national history and politics were of prime importance. These were filmmakers preoccupied with reality, sceptical about the world, suspicious of the national romantic tradition, and interested in personal cinema. Although used extensively, the term "Third Polish Cinema" has little explanatory power. It covers disparate film poetics and distinct directorial personalities, such as Jerzy Skolimowski, Krzysztof Zanussi, Edward Żebrowski, Janusz Majewski, Grzegorz Królikiewicz, Witold Leszczyński, and several others.
   Historical Dictionary of Polish Cinema by Marek Haltof

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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  • Skolimowski, Jerzy — (1936 )    Actor, scriptwriter, and director (also poet, writer, and boxer), Skolimowski is among the best known representatives of Third Polish Cinema. He started his career as coscriptwriter of Andrzej Wajda s Innocent Sorcerers (Niewinni… …   Guide to cinema

  • Zanussi, Krzysztof — (1939 )    Zanussi s unusual road to filmmaking is clearly reflected in his films. After years of studying physics and philosophy while making amateur films, he enrolled in the Łódź Film School. He attracted international attention with his… …   Guide to cinema

  • Majewski, Janusz — (1931 )    Janusz Majewski began his distinguished career in the 1960s with films in a variety of genres. Originally trained as an architect, then as a director at the Łódź Film School, Majewski started his career as an art director and a… …   Guide to cinema

  • The Barrier — (Bariera, 1966)    An emblematic film of the Third Polish Cinema, scripted and directed by Jerzy Skolimowski. The Barrier is the last and most elaborate part of Skolimowski s generational trilogy with Identification Marks: None (Rysopis, 1965)… …   Guide to cinema

  • Żebrowski, Edward — (Edward Bernstein, 1935 )    Respected scriptwriter and director, who started his career in the late 1960s as a close collaborator of Krzysztof Zanussi. With Zanussi, he coscripted several films (including Zanussi s television classic Next Door… …   Guide to cinema

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